Adresse courrier :
ULB - Campus du Solbosch
Avenue F.D. Roosevelt, 50 - CP 124
1050 Bruxelles

Adresse visiteur :
Bâtiment S, 11è étage - Bureau : S11.208
Avenue Jeanne, 44
1050 Bruxelles


Current position

Université Libre de Bruxelles: PhD Candidate in Political Science - FNRS Aspirant/Research Fellow.

Doctoral project: "Roots of Ethnic Authoritarianism: Autocratizing Plural Societies in the Contemporary World" (supervisor Prof. Luca Tomini).


Central European University (CEU, Budapest/Vienna): MA in Nationalism Studies. Fully funded by the Ermenegildo Zegna Founder’s Scholarship. Final mark: with distinction.

Thesis: "Political Regimes in Plural Societies: Institutions and Performance of Majoritarian and Power-Sharing Democracy in Ethnically Divided Countries” (supervisor Prof. Daniel Bochsler).

University of Florence: MA in Political Science at the “Cesare Alfieri” School of Political Science. Final mark: 110/110 magna cum laude.

Thesis: “Ethnic Domination in Deeply Divided Places: The Hegemonic State in Israel and Estonia” (supervisor Prof. Marco Tarchi).

University of Pisa: BA in Political Sciences and International Relations. Final mark: 110/110 magna cum laude.

Thesis: “Complex Regional Consociations: The Cases of Northern Ireland and South Tyrol. Power-sharing Executives, Autonomy, Ethnic Parties and Political Stability” (supervisor Prof. Rino Casella).

Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa: Honor Student (Allievo ordinario) in Political Sciences.

2018: BA Honor Diploma in Political Sciences. Final mark: 100/100 magna cum laude.
2020: MA Honor Diploma in Political Sciences: Final mark: 100/100 magna cum laude.

Thesis: "Plural Democracies: A Comparative Inquiry on Institutions and Performances of Majoritarian and Power-Sharing Ethnically Divided Democracies" (supervisor Prof. Luca Tomini).

Domaines d'intérêt

Research interests:

Comparative politics, ethnic politics, democratization/autocratization, power-sharing, nationalism/ethnicity, populism, federalism/autonomy, human and minority rights, diversity management, political regimes and representation in ethnically divided societies, ethnic parties and party systems, ethnic violence. 

Présentation des recherches

Doctoral Project: "Roots of Ethnic Authoritarianism: Autocratizing Plural Societies in the Contemporary World" (2020-2024)

This doctoral project aims to examine phenomena of autocratization (namely, democratization in reverse) in contemporary political regimes characterized by ethnic cleavages.      

In my thesis I shall answer the following research question: how do autocratization and ethnicity interact? Through a multi-method approach, combining quantitative and qualitative techniques, I shall in detail investigate phenomena of autocratization (dependent variable) in plural societies through factors (and their combinations) associated with ethnicity (independent variable): in short, ethnic drivers of autocratization in plural societies. 

The main argument of the doctoral thesis will thence be that ethnic factors associated with sociocultural, socioeconomic, institutional, party and leadership-centered variables shall foster or increase polarization in plural societies. This exacerbation of the ethnic cleavage, in turn, will cause autocratization processes in these contexts, by either disconnecting inequal groups, or incentivizing government aggrandizement, or also through the rise of nondemocratic parties or political elites.

- Minority Representation in National Societies (2020-2021)

The integration to the project ‘Minority Participation and Representation in National Societies’ (Principal Investigator: Timofey Agarin, Queen’s University Belfast) shall analyze ethnic parties and party systems in 4, ethnically divided, European border regions (South Tyrol, Northern Ireland, Schleswig Holstein and Southeast Lithuania).

The analysis (presented at the IPSA RC 14 Colloquium of December 2020 and to be presented at the PSA Conference in 2021) will scrutinize 4 ethnic parties: Sinn Féin (SF), South Tyrolean People’s Party (SVP), South Schleswig Voters’ Association (SSW) and Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania-Christian Families Alliance (LLRA). With a primary analysis of 14 party manifestos, the research will focus on party positioning on old and new issues of sovereignty and self-determination. It shall thus consider the characteristics of these political actors, propose a new typology of ethnonational (inclusive/exclusive) parties, map party system format and dynamics and explain their change in the contemporary period.

Project supported by the European Academy of Bolzano (EURAC Research). Contract as a research assistant (1 month) for data collection (2020).

Travaux sélectionnés

Panzano, G. (2018). Power-sharing executives in Northern Ireland and South Tyrol: theories, structures, practices and political stability. Diritti comparati, 2, 136-184. 

Panzano, G (2018a). The Trembling of a Complex Regional Consociation: 2018 Provincial Election in South Tyrol. ECMI (European Centre for Minority Issues) 112 Working Paper. publications/detail/112-the-trembling-of-a-complex-regional-consociation-2018-provincial-election-in-south-tyrol-407/

Panzano, G. (2019). Quebec’s Bill 21: the collision of secularism, religious freedoms, and reasonability.    Diritti Comparati - Blog.

Panzano, G. (2020). Recensione a G. Martinico, “Il diritto costituzionale come speranza. Secessione, democrazia e populismo alla luce della Reference Re Secession of Quebec”, Giappichelli, 2019, pp. 1-233. Forum di Quaderni Costituzionali, 4.

Mis à jour le 13 juillet 2023